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Osteopenia and osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition that affects bone density, which results in the bone of the body being more brittle and prone to fractures. Osteoporosis affects 1 in 3 womens and 1 in 5 men over the age of 50, and over 1 million Australians.

If you have low bone mass that is not low enough to be diagnosed as osteoporosis, this is sometimes referred to as osteopenia. Although not everyone who has low bone mass will develop osteoporosis, low bone mass is an important risk factor for osteoporosis related fractures.

As a person with low bone mass (osteoporosis and osteopenia), you can take steps to help slow down your bone loss and prevent or reduce the risk of osteoporosis in your future. Healthy habits such as eating foods rich in calcium and vitamin D and doing weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, or dancing.

There are usually no symptoms until a fracture occurs. Osteoporosis Australia recommends having regular bone scans past the age of 50. Please consult with your GP regarding any bone scans.





Check your risk factors:

•             Age: > 50 years old.

•             Gender: Females at greater risks due to hormonal changes through life.

•             Family history: Genetic predisposition.

•             Calcium intake: low calcium results in lower bone density.

•             Vitamin D levels: Vitamin D helps absorb Calcium and can also have an effect on bone density.

•             Medical history:

o             corticosteroid medication side effects can include low bone density,

o             digestive malabsorption disorders and

o             chronic illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis chronic kidney/liver disease can lead to osteoporosis.

•             Lifestyle factors and exercise history:

o             Low levels of physical activity

o             Smoking


o             Excessive alcohol consumption

What type of exercise should I do if I have Osteoporosis?

Osteogenic (bone forming) exercises are exercises that promote the formation of bone. These include: impact-based exercises and loaded resistance exercises. Controlled impact training and loading provides an appropriate trigger to stimulate bone formation and promote stronger, healthier bones.


Running or jogging is more osteogenic than swimming or cycling –because the body has to adapt to the jumping and impact landing involved in running or jogging. In other words, our bone production centres react to the specific type of exercise we perform (stimulus) and adapt to the amount of force our body is exposed to.

Can Complete Care help?


Complete Care Physio and Osteo Wallan, Fawkner and Point Cook have clinicians with a special interest in prescribing many locals with orthotics.


If you are having trouble and would like assistance by one of our Physios or Osteos in our Wallan, Point Cook and Fawkner locations, please feel free to call us on 5769-1731 or book online via our website

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